research Archives - State of the Planet

In Ancient Rocks, Scientists See a Climate Cycle Working Across Deep Time

A gradual shift in Earth’s orbit that repeats every 405,000 years plays a role in natural climate swings.

by |May 7, 2018
scientists approaching lake carrying sediment coring tubes on Easter Island

Digging Into Easter Island’s Climate History

Sediments deposited over thousands of years provide a window to the past—and may perhaps shed light on what happened to the island’s now-lost civilization.

by |May 2, 2018
traversing the thwaites glacier

U.S., UK Scientists Join to Study Possible Collapse of Massive Antarctic Glacier

An international collaboration will study the wasting of the Thwaites glacier, which already accounts for around 4 percent of current global sea-level rise, and could collapse within decades or centuries.

by |April 30, 2018
amoc diagram

Sluggish Ocean Currents Caused European Heat Wave Some 12,000 Years Ago

New study suggests we may be underestimating the chances of extreme heat and droughts in Europe under climate change.

by |April 24, 2018

North American Coasts Are Absorbing Large Amounts of Carbon

Coastal waters play an important role in the carbon cycle by absorbing carbon into sediments or transferring it to the open ocean, a new study confirms.

by |April 13, 2018

The 100th Meridian, Where the Great Plains Begin, May Be Shifting

Two new papers find that the line that divides the moist East and arid West is edging eastward due to climate change—and the implications for farming and other pursuits could be huge.

by |April 11, 2018
Attendees of the Postdoctoral Symposium

Research Symposium Shows the Diverse Expertise of Earth Institute Postdoctoral Fellows

The Spring Postdoctoral Fellowship Symposium highlights interdisciplinary work of current research fellows at the Earth Institute.

by |April 10, 2018
hurricane track simulation

Predicting Hurricane Flooding Risks to the East Coast

Columbia University researchers to help translate hurricane science into projections for planning for climate and weather risks.

by |April 9, 2018

Climate Change and the Re-Greening of Puerto Rico

Ecologist Maria Uriarte investigates the effects of Hurricane Maria on the forests of Puerto Rico, and how long-term climate change may affect them.

by |March 22, 2018
people live on a raft in Bangladesh's Jamuna River

Climate Migrants Will Soon Shift Populations of Many Countries, Says World Bank

If emissions of greenhouse gases remain high, as many as 143 million “internal migrants” might move within their own countries by 2050.

by |March 19, 2018