Natural Resources and Peacebuilding

Natural Resources and Peacebuilding
Partners: The Earth Institute, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), with University of Tokyo and McGill University.
Purpose: To share interdisciplinary and innovative perspectives on managing natural resources as part of efforts to stabilize countries after conflict.

Natural resources, including oil, minerals, land, timber and water, are at the center of many countries’ conflicts. Effective, just and sustainable management of those resources is an essential component in restoring stability and fostering well-being. Here, Earth Institute researchers, partners and experts in the international peacebuilding community offer their views on managing natural resources to build peace—on topics such as land reform or delivery of water services, and in consideration of complexities added by climate change impacts, rapid population growth and globalization.

SurTab Tablets and Mobile Phone Technology’s Impact on Development in Haiti

by | 1.13.2014 at 7:32pm

The Haiti Research and Policy Program at the Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development concluded the Fall 2013 Dialogue Series with guest Maarten Boute, CEO of SurTab Haiti, the first Android tablet manufacturing company in Haiti. Boute is the former CEO of Digicel Haiti, a mobile phone network provider currently operating in 31 markets across the Caribbean, Central America, and Oceania regions.

Population and Environment Influence Infrastructure Investment in Haiti

by | 1.9.2014 at 5:15pm | 1 Comment
Picture of flood infrastructure. Haiti has high risk for flooding.

The fall 2013 Haiti Dialogue Series focused on the multi-dimensional aspects of implementing Haiti’s National Strategic Development Plan after the 2010 earthquake and featured Frantz Verella, the former minister of public works, transportation and communication of the government of Haiti.

Prime Minister of Haiti and Liberia’s Minister of Finance Co-Host Fragile States Dialogue Series

by | 10.4.2013 at 3:54pm
From left to right: Haiti Research and Policy Program Director Tatiana Wah, Liberian Minister of Finance Amara Konneh, Haitian Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe, and CGSD Director Glenn Denning

On Sept. 27, the Earth Institute’s Haiti Research and Policy Program at the Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development welcomed Laurent Lamothe, prime minister of the Republic of Haiti, Amara Konneh, minister of finance of the Republic of Liberia, and Saidu Nallo, representative of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Sierra Leone, for a high-level discussion on the realities and needs of fragile states under the New Deal for aid effectiveness.

Identifying Capacity Building Needs for the Government of Haiti

by | 5.16.2013 at 2:05pm
The Earth Institute (EI) implemented the Land Degradation Surveillance Framework (LDSF) in the Port-à-Piment Watershed. The LDSF is a tested methodology to obtain accurate information on soil characteristics and properties. The EI trained faculty and students from the American University of the Caribbean (AUC) in order to conduct the fieldwork and data processing. Photo Credit: CIESIN

The Earth Institute’s Haiti Research and Policy Program at the Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development welcomed two distinguished speakers as part of the Spring 2013 Haiti Dialogue Series to discuss government capacity building and national monitoring systems for government funded programs.

Overcoming Challenges to Local Development in Haiti

by | 2.26.2013 at 5:09pm | 1 Comment
The maintenance and management of local water systems is frequently the responsibility of the municipal councils and community water committees. The local municipal council report using their limited budget to support repairs and upgrades of these systems but never have sufficient funds. Photo:CIESIN

Haiti Dialogue Series: Should funds be more effectively channeled through the Haitian government, a decentralized finance program could help streamline financing and reinforce local government planning efforts. As part of the Haiti Research and Policy Program dialogue series, Tatiana Wah was joined by Leslie Pean to discuss possible approaches to achieving the call for decentralization in Haiti that has been a part of the country’s development plans for decades, with renewed efforts after the 2010 earthquake. Most current international aid and development funding circumvents the government ministries at the national level. The lack of dedicated local budgets, as well as a weak incentive structure to attract or retain skilled professionals who are capable of complex governance, is a considerable hurdle for any decentralization proposal in Haiti.

Author: Haiti Relief Lacking in Long-Term Solutions

by | 2.21.2013 at 2:27pm | 1 Comment
The 2010 earthquake in the Port au Prince environs caused an estimated of $8 to $14 billion in damage and caused a death toll of over 200,000 people. The international community donated an estimated $7.5 billion dollars in aid and recovery funds.  Photo Credit: Alex Fischer, CIESIN.

Haiti Dialog Series: Author Jonathan M. Katz joined the Haiti Research and Policy Program’s dialogue series to discuss his new book and two years reporting on the Haitian recovery after the devastating 2010 earthquake. Katz argues within his book that the international aid money has become a missed opportunity to address core development challenges in Haiti and that the country remains equally vulnerable today as it did prior to January 10th, 2010.

Wildlife: The Other High-Value Resource

by | 1.2.2013 at 5:10pm | 1 Comment
Photo Credit: Leo Douglas

As wildlife trafficking has become more lucrative, widespread and organized over the past few years, the definition of high-value natural resources should be modified to include the commercial values of wildlife and its products.

Using Spatial Analysis to Help Manage Conflict

by | 12.18.2012 at 3:44pm
This map shows the identified areas of potential conflict. It shows that the risk is located mainly in the east-southern part of the peri-urban area of Meknes, where agricultural activities are widespread and where agro-pedoclimatic conditions are especially favorable for agricultural production. But in the last few years, this has been also one of the areas of development in terms of urbanization and industrialization.

Peri-urban areas are particularly vulnerable to land use conflicts due to their geographic and socio-economic characteristics: They are transitional zones in transforming societies, where various economic activities associated with each urban setting try to co-exist. In this context, peri-urban agriculture plays a key role for the multiplicity and diversity of stakeholders providing environmental and economic services to urban cities.

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict

by | 11.8.2012 at 2:30pm
Figure refers to graph of conflict trends

In recognition of the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict, Security-General Ban Ki-Moon issued a statement that should be required reading for everyone thinking about the next generation of international development goals.

The Criminalization of Anti-Mining Social Protest in Peru

by | 9.10.2012 at 9:18am | 2 Comments
Salt Mines in Peru.  Photo Credit: Emmanuel Dyan via Getty Images

In Africa, Asia and Latin America, the development of the mining industry
has often been accompanied by violence and community-led social protest. To
halt these protests, young democratic institutions have, in various cases,
turned to authoritarian dogmas. Researcher Dr. Triscritti illustrates how in
Peru these practices are decreasing the chances of reaching durable and
peaceful agreements.